As in energy networks, meters have changed over time all over the world and in our country. While mechanical meters were used until 2001, after this date, the transition to electronic meters with more accurate measurement features and tariff application capability has been achieved. It is expected that mechanical meters will be completely obsolete in the near future.
Meters are the first point where valuable data belonging to an energy network are produced. One of the basic principles regarding the protection of information is to protect the data as close to its original source as possible.
Protecting information at the first point (cryptographically encrypting, signing, etc.) can prevent many attacks on information at a later point.
From the opposite point of view, it will be more difficult to protect the information that is not protected at the first point, or to ensure the reliability of this protection at later points. For example, let's take an advanced smart grid structure. Let's assume that user consumption information is not protected on meters, but is protected by strong measures against cyber threats on transmission lines. If the attacker (this may also be the counter user) accesses the meter and interferes with the accuracy of the consumption information, no matter how strong the data transmission lines are protected, false data on which the intervention has been made will reach the center. This example does not mean that cyber security is not important in transmission lines in smart grids, but emphasizes the place of meters in system security. After the integration of the meters, which have the capacity to provide end-to-end security with the center they are connected to, into the system, full security can be achieved by closing the exposed points in the network security area, according to the analysis made.